A bunker is a structural one Protection system against air raids or similar attacks like with poison or something else. The air raid shelter is to be demarcated from Air-raid shelter or air-raid shelterwho the serves the same purpose, but is structurally integrated into a building, which is not primarily used for air protection.
There are private bunkers, but also public onesfinanced and built either by the state or by the city. Most of the time you don’t notice such a building as a normal citizen. However, this construction is also very Costly and also time consuming. Since there are so many costs and time involved in the construction, it is usually easier Bunker later than abandoned or no longer identifiable.
We have them for you today best abandoned bunker.
1. Abandoned military concrete bunker on the coast, Rhodes, Greece
However, they are not always as martial as this bunker to the viewer, after all it is a holiday island and only a few of the few 800,000 sun-hungry island visitors every year are bunker enthusiasts. And the less concrete-loving guests could be frightened by the view of these buildings, which are reminiscent of war or military conflict – which, understandably, is again not in the interest of the Greek tourism industry.
After all, Rhodes is one of the most important Vacation areas all over Greece. At least in the immediate vicinity of the larger holiday hotels, the bunkers have disappeared under large deposits of sand and stones and have been partially removed by the Vegetation covered – not without carefully keeping the entrances and loopholes clear.
2. The old bunker on the city wall of Brielle
Bunkers from the Second World War still exist in many cities today. A distinction must be made High bunkers and underground deep bunkers. The high bunkers in particular have been and are being used in a variety of ways.
Bunkers of various sizes and capacities were built especially in cities because they were underground Line networks (sewerage, electrical cables, etc.) were not affected. Deep bunkers were increasingly built outside of cities or in cities where there was too little space above ground, for example below larger urban (market) squares. The exact number of World War II bunkers actually built is not known. However, it is very likely that the Rhineland had the highest « bunker density » in the « Third Reich » due to the industrial areas and the location within the reach of Allied bombers
3. Bunker in Albania
Hoxha’s program of « bunkerization » (bunkerizimi) led to the construction of bunkers in every corner of the then Socialist People’s Republic of Albania, from Mountain passes to the city streets. In the years in which Hoxha ruled, they were never used for their intended purpose. Have the cost of building this bunker Albania’s resources diminished and distracted them from more pressing needs like coping with housing shortages and the country’s poor road conditions.
The bunkers were built after Collapse of communism abandoned in 1990. The most are expire today, although some have been reused for various purposes, including apartment buildings, cafes, warehouses and Accommodation for animals or the homeless. A few were used briefly in the civil war of the 1990s.
4. Old communist bunker in Saranda Albania
This bunker is a Albanian communist bunker with a round shape and made of cement. The bunkers were built all over the country, especially along the borders and the seashore and thus also in remote mountain regions. Besides that Border areas became border areas, particularly in other strategic locations such as passports, Bridges and built around cities or military facilities.
In some places, several parallel lines of bunkers were built. The construction period fell mostly in the years 1972 to 1984. The bunkers were built solid and mobile with the intention of simply using a crane or helicopter in a previous one to be able to place the dug hole.
5. Bunker in North Rhine-Westphalia
There are a total of seven bunkers in North Rhine-Westphalia. These include the bunkers: Bad Godesberger Tunnel Hochbunker Vilich-Müldorf, bunker in Neuss, bunker Isweiler, bunker Ulmenwall and a special bunker museum in Hagen. Germany was in danger in the 1960s: the Cold War could turn into a hot war at any time. The federal and state governments are therefore building Nuclear-proof bunkers.
The atomic bomb-proof bunker was constantly on standby during the Cold War. Three-meter-thick reinforced concrete walls protect 100 rooms. Everything is in them Being able to live and work for 30 days regardless of the outside world. In an emergency, refugee flows are directed from here and food is organized. The officers have to work in shifts and sleep in bunk beds. your Food comes from canned goods, Water from storage containers. No privacy. No freetime.
6. Bunk’Art 2
This bunker is located in Tirana, Albania. The nuclear bunker in the city center was turned into a history museum to show people what the bunkers looked like from the inside. The museum shows some pictures of those involved from the war. November 2016 was in the center of the capital of the Bunk’Art 2 opened. With this former bunker of the Home Office lies the focus of the exhibition in the history of this ministry and the Sigurimi, the political police.
But this bunker is by far not the only one in this country. Despite all that Albania is not really a big country is there probably the most bunkers in all of Europe. It is very impressive.
7. Underground anti-nuclear facility
Moscow, Russia. In 1956, the underground anti-nuclear facility was built as a command post for the strategic nuclear forces of the Soviet Union. After Chernobyl nuclear disaster the Russian anti-nuclear movement emerged, which gained some influence and the construction of a number of Nuclear power plants could prevent. The economic difficulties the 1990s led to a decrease in the number of construction projects.
The anti-nuclear movement lost one of its goals, namely the prevention of further nuclear power plants. At the same time, there were financial difficulties, especially the low willingness to donate, which still plays a role today. Under the Vladimir Putin’s presidency there was a massive revival of the Russian nuclear industry concrete construction projects, for example in the Kaliningrad region, however, shows that the Russian anti-nuclear movement can continue to play a role.
8. Bunker 42
There is also this bunker in Moscow, which is now a museum. On the picture you can see a hall in the museum. This was the boardroom in the Bunker 42 in the Cold War. The Military History Museum and Entertainment Complex was founded in 2006.
This bunker museum is located underground at the Taganskaya station of the Muscovites Subway. It is also a nowadays restaurantwhich is well attended. This is not only visited by tourists, it is also very popular with the locals popular place and is still considered a very special meeting place. And for only You can get a ticket and a tour of the museum there for 35 euros.
9. Bunker in Albania
As you can see, this bunker is very close to the sea. This used to be a secret bunkerwho was incomprehensible to normal people. As mentioned in another text, Albania is one of the countries with the most bunkers.
The bunkers in Albania originated mainly between 1972 and 1984, when under the rule of Enver Hoxha in socialist Albania to the 200,000 bunkers were built. The bunkers were designed to defend the country in the event of invasion by foreign troops. Nowadays, they are mostly shut down or turned into museums. But most of them are closed small for a museum for visitors.
10. Soviet military bunker
Dark corridor of the old Soviet military bunker under the Fortress, Sevastopol, Crimea. There are also private bunkers or bunkers in cities for a smaller group of people. But there are also bunkers like this one in the former Soviet Unionwhich are very large and for several people could or could serve.
The bunker forms an autonomous structure with a complete and modern equipment from these times. All authentic underground facilities have been preserved to this day and are due to their stable construction hopefully and very much probably exist much longer in this world. There is a canteen with one for visitors typical Soviet menu available.
11. German bunker Pointe du Hoc from D-Day
The US rangers who were supposed to storm the Pointe du Hoc cliff on D-Day knew that they had little prospect of that Survive June 6, 1944. That day 75 years agowhere the allies landed in France.
Pointe du Hoc is a rock in Normandy that Rises 30 meters vertically above the beach. There was an artillery position there heavy 155 mm cannons could have attacked the entire landing beach. The facility was from the organization Todt, one Building group of the National Socialists, Were so strongly attached and bunkered that the battery could not be destroyed from the air. Next to the natural protection of the cliffs was the Plant through mine fields and wire entanglement secured. Machine gun positions and fast-firing anti-aircraft guns could attack any attacker Beach came out, under fire.